Primary School(K-2) Academics

Reading, writing, spelling, and arithmetic are the foundations upon which the tower of learning is built, and they are given the highest priority in K-2nd grades. The basic skills, work habits, and attitudes formed in the primary years are of crucial importance to future personal and academic success.
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The discipline of neat and legible handwriting is an aid to spelling and instills the value of accurate, careful work—an important academic skill that carries over into every aspect of learning. Students first learn the proper pencil grip and manuscript form in the First Start Reading program, utilizing Copybook for additional practice. 
Copybook is an exercise consisting of copying sayings, maxims, Scripture, and poetry in the student’s best handwriting. Copybook is an important step in developing good penmanship, punctuation, and spelling. Habits of good penmanship are instilled early. 
In 2nd grade, students continue to practice manuscript while also beginning cursive script with Memoria Press’ New American Cursive program.
Students develop visual memory for accurate spelling by a systematic study of phonics, word families, spelling rules, and a lifetime of seeing, reading, and writing words correctly. It is extremely important to reduce opportunities for children to write or see misspelled words. Young students who are allowed to spell creatively or phonetically have a confused visual memory that takes many years to overcome.
Number formation, counting, time, calendar, measurement, and money are the skills students continue to build, along with mastery of addition and subtraction facts through 18. 

In 2nd grade, the students also begin multiplication with the 1x, 2x, 5x, and 10x facts. Students learn number sense by skip counting, games, and drills, all of which make math time enjoyable and help students achieve mastery. An immediate recall of math facts is the primary goal in K-2nd grades. ​
Reading begins with phonics. Phonics is the system of letter-sound association taught to children for the purpose of learning to read and to spell. It is most effective when taught systematically, thoroughly, intensely, and in a logical and time-tested sequence.
In kindergarten, our primary resource for phonics instruction is Memoria Press’ First Start Reading program.  It teaches consonant and short vowel sounds, three-letter word formation, consonant blends, and long vowels/silent e. Common words that do not fit into any word family are introduced after students learn to blend three-letter words. First Start Reading teaches students to read in kindergarten using stories with a high percentage of phonetic words.
In 1st grade, students continue to develop reading comprehension with whole books, which captivate and motivate children.  First graders read children’s classics such as Little Bear, Caps for Sale, The Story about Ping, Billy and Blaze, etc. Second graders read The Courage of Sarah Noble, Little House in the Big Woods, and Prairie School. Spelling, composition, and vocabulary lessons are taught in the context of our literacy instruction.
A rich language experience, provided both at home and in school, is an important factor in reading success. Students memorize poems and Scripture and enjoy children’s classics read by teachers--as well as parents--during read-aloud time.
Geography, History, and Science

Our Read-Aloud program consists of a set of thirty books, one book for each week of school. Listening to each book, accompanied by oral questions and discussion, provides a rich language experience for students. Students learn new and interesting words and delight in rhyme and wordplay. At the same time, the big wide world is opened up as the books present information about holidays, history, geography, science and more. The books are beautiful in both prose and art.

For history, students are introduced to our early American time period, from the struggles in Colonial times to the American frontier. Through excellent children’s literature, students will meet memorable characters, both fictional and historic. Some titles we use are The Courage of Sarah Noble, Little House in the Big Woods, and Paul Revere’s Ride.

For geography, students work with globes and maps to learn continents, oceans, major countries, and basic geography terms. Second graders learn U.S. states, rivers, and the Great Lakes.

In science, students learn about seasons and the weather, and take nature walks to collect leaves, flowers, acorns, bugs, and more!

Christian Studies and Music
In Christian Studies, students read or listen to Bible stories from the Golden Children’s Bible and memorize Bible verses and prayers.
Students receive music instruction once a week in the basic elements of music, including ear training and note reading.
Art and Physical Education
Our art classes teach the fundamentals of drawing, as well as art appreciation. Students produce beautiful artwork and greatly look forward to their art time. Students also draw, color, cut, and paste in their daily classroom work.

​Primary students have recess every day. Recess time provides physical exercise, stress reduction, and a much-needed break from the normal academic day.
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Primary School Course Offerings K-2

Art, Music, Poetry, Science, Read-Aloud Books, History, and Culture

Primary Class b 

Latin, Reading, Writing, Spelling, Arithmetic

Bible Story Time, Memory Work


Primary Class A 

Reading, Writing, Phonics, Arithmetic

Bible Story Time, and Memory Work 


11:30-12:30 LUNCH/RECESS



Lower School Course Offerings


Latina Christiana | Grades 3-5
First Form Latin
Second Form Latin | Prerequisite Required
Third Form Latin|
Prerequisite Required


English I | Grades 3-4

Farmer Boy
Charlotte’s Web

A Bear Called Paddington
Mr. Popper’s Penguins

English II | Grades 5-6

The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe

Lassie Come-Home

Classical Composition

Fable Stage | Grades 3-5

Classical Studies

D’Aulaires’ Book of Greek Myths | Grades 3-4
Famous Men of Greece | Grades 4-7


 Email: Lisa Durant, Academic Director |